Trauma is the leading cause of death (in the US) among young (ages 1-44y).
Thoracic injury accounts for 25% of all trauma deaths.
Pneumothorax is the 2nd most common sign of chest trauma (in up to 50% of victims).
Pneumothorax is one of the leading three causes of "preventable deaths" in the battlefield.
Pneumothorax (or hemothorax) is an abnormal collection of air (or blood) within the pleural space, between the lungs and the chest wall.
A variety of different medical conditions can cause pneumothorax and hemothorax, but it is usually caused by trauma, blunt or penetrating.
The first step is a rapid (but temporary) decompression of the pleural space by needle thoracostomy.
The second step is a definitive decompression of the pleural space by tube thoracostomy (chest tube/drain).
Tube thoracostomy, in un-skilled hands and in sub-optimal conditions (such as pre-hospital scenario), may take as long as 10 minutes.
In many cases, caregivers will provide only a partial-treatment and evacuate the patient to a medical facility without properly draining the pleural cavity (i.e., only by needle, not by tube) .
In addition, tube thoracostomy performed by non-thoracic surgeons has a high failure-rate (up to 30%) and complications (mis-positioning, dislodgement, lung laceration etc.).
A rapid, Easy-to-use, simple, safe and effective device that enables caregivers to properly perform tube thoracostomy.